Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are the most common type of HAI as reported by the CDC’s National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). About 20% of patients receive a urinary catheter during a hospital stay and 75% of urinary tract infections (UTI) that occur during a hospital admission are associated with urinary catheters. The CDC finds that complications associated with CAUTI cause discomfort to the patient, prolonged hospital stay, and increased cost and mortality. Each year, more than 13,000 deaths are associated with UTIs.
In 2009 the Federal Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) updated guidelines on the prevention of CAUTIs. The core strategies recommended include:
- Insertion of catheters only for appropriate indications.
- Prompt removal of catheters when medically unnecessary.
- Ensure that only properly trained persons insert and maintain catheters.
- Insertion of catheters using aseptic technique and sterile equipment (acute care setting).
- Following aseptic insertion, maintain a closed drainage system.
- Maintenance of unobstructed urine flow.
- Proper hand hygiene practices and standard (or appropriate isolation) precautions according to CDC HICPAC guidelines.
Fore more information about the CAUTI prevention initiative, please contact us.